What is Dementia?

The term dementia originated from the Latin word de- "apart, away" + mens (genitive mentis) i.e. "mind", often we call dementia as the memory disorder disease. Wherein a person going through dementia experience from a gradual loss of memory, it also affects that persons capability to solve problems, discuss and yet use language.

Dementia adversely affects main functions of a person like the motor skills, comprehension, as well as executive functioning. Dementia mostly refers to the multiple sets of disorder and not to some specific set(s) of reason. Dementia mostly causes damage to the mind and leads to a gradual decrease of the cognitive performance of the brain. Dementia might be caused via scarcity of oxygenated blood flow, glucose, minerals, plus vitamins to the brain and as a consequence of which there is an increase in toxins within the brain.

Effect of dementia on the patients

Particularly affected parts could be attention, memory, language along with problem solving, though particularly in the further stages of the condition, the affected persons might be disoriented in time such as not knowing exactly what day or what week, or perhaps what month or what year it is, sometimes he might not remember the place: not knowing where he is and person by not knowing who he is. Sign of dementia are categorizing as either on the reversible or irreversible factor all depending upon the etiology of the dementia disease.

Less than 10% of every dementia is reversible. Thus, Dementia is an imprecise term that encompasses numerous disease procedures, just as fever is attributable to a lot of etiologies.

Symptoms of Dementia

You will see patients often suffering from dementia that occurs in the later period of ones life, when a person is going through his 60ies. The affected person occasionally recognizes the primary signs of dementia. Frequently family or friends formerly notice the problem. Distinctive early symptoms might include memory loss, plus difficulty in performing complex tasks. Dementia patients may perhaps mislay items, turn out to be lost while driving, find confused in between conversation or lose a previous capability to poise a checkbook. As the state progresses, the deficits turn out to be more distinct as well as interfere more with every day activities Most common form of symptoms of dementia is:

Clear Loss of recall for fresh Events

* Losing items.
* Getting lost in ‘known’ Places
* Absent in Appointments

Loss of aptitude for Abstract thinking,

* Planning plus Doing intricate Tasks
* Problem with Cooking, Driving, Paying Bills,
* Can’t recognize Movies, Books, or News Items

Difficulty Finding Common Words and Names

* Replacement of Approximate saying
* Misidentifying common People (Confusing own sister amid [deceased] mother)
* Employ of "unfilled Phrases" for ex "You know", "That thing".

Difficulty restraining Behavior
The Impulsivity, patients is ‘Thoughtless’ commentary, and have communally Inappropriate Behaviors. These symptoms are commonly seen on various form of dementia such as

#senile dementia

# vascular dementia

Cocoa for Diabetes??

A cup of hot cocoa may seem like a no-no for people with diabetes, but the beverage may actually serve up a healthy dose of prevention and ward off heart disease, the leading cause of diabetes-related death.

New research published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology provides substantial evidence that compounds in cocoa called flavonols improve the function and overall health of blood vessels. Unhealthy blood vessels are a leading cause of cardiovascular complications in people with diabetes.

Flavonols are naturally occurring plant compounds found in chocolate, red wine, and certain fruits and vegetables. A growing body of evidence suggests that cocoa flavonols have circulatory health benefits.

For the study, Malte Kelm, MD, a professor and chairman of cardiology, pulmonology and vascular medicine at the University Hospital Aachen and the Technical University Aachen, in Aachen, Germany, and colleagues examined the effect of a specially made flavonol-rich cocoa on patients with stable, treated type 2 diabetes.

The study participants randomly received cocoa containing either 25 milligrams or 321 milligrams of flavonol per serving. They drank the cocoa three times a day for 30 days. Researchers calculated each patient's blood vessel function before and after cocoa consumption at the start of the study and on days 8 and 30, using a combination of ultrasound images and blood pressure measurements.

Patients who drank the high-flavonol cocoa for one month had their blood vessel function improve from severely impaired to normal. Drinking the low-dose flavanol cocoa did not result in any significant changes in blood vessel function.

Researchers caution that the high-dose flavonol cocoa used in their study greatly exceeds the typical U.S. dietary intake of 20 to 100 milligrams daily, and you can't buy the extra-strength version in stores. Rather, they are optimistic that flavonol-containing diets offer an innovative approach to preventing heart disease.

"This research focuses on what's at the true heart of the discussion on 'healthy chocolate' -- it's about cocoa flavonols, the naturally occurring compounds in cocoa," Kelm writes. "While more research is needed, our results demonstrate that dietary flavonols might have an important impact as part of a healthy diet in the prevention of cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients."

In an accompanying editorial, Umberto Campia, MD, calls the study "important and thought-provoking," adding that "this is the foundation we need for doing a much larger prospective study that looks at the effect of cocoa flavonols not just on endothelial function, but also on the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other serious forms of cardiovascular disease."